The basics of photography have not changed much since the beginning– the main objective is still to work with light, composition, and subjects to create the best photos. Here are some basic skills a photographer today should know about
1 Long Exposure Photography
This technique can produce dramatic effects but is usually used for shooting in low light or for capturing a motion blur. With a longer exposure, the shutter will stay open longer, allowing more light to enter. In a low-light setting this will help when capturing still images, as the longer exposure will compensate for a lack of light. Moving subjects however, will become blurred, and any bright areas can become overexposed.
2 Light Painting
This technique is less basic, and expands on the effects created by the long-exposure photography described above. The method gives limitless possibilities and creates stunning arts photos if it is done correctly. By leaving the shutter open long enough, you can capture motion in a single shot. This is usually done in low light settings to allow the subject (usually a light source) and its motion to stand out from the background. The result is the capability to draw images with the light.
3 HDR Photography
With modern cameras, HDR photography became not only possible, but a highly popular type of photography. HDR shots are finished through post-production, by combining multiple exposures of the same image. HDR stands for High Dynamic Range referring to the wide range of exposure you get from the dark to the light areas.
4 Panoramic Photos
A panoramic photo is a great trick for any photographer to be able to pull off. By combining multiple photographs seamlessly end-to-end, you can create an image that shows a much greater field of view than a standard lens could create. With the panoramic feature being available on many smartphone cameras these days it is quite easy to produce an amateur version, but learning how to create them by yourself will help you to understand post-production and photo editing.
5 Composition and the ‘Rule of Thirds’
One of the most important aspects of photography, even at a basic level, is framing. Positioning your subject is your best asset in showing its place in its environment. The most popular guideline for composition is the rule of thirds, which states that pictures should be framed as if divided into nine equal sections or into thirds both vertically and horizontally. The lines that divide these sections are then used as placement markers for the different aspects of your photo, with the subject and background relating to each other based on them.
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